Revolution Day is an Egyptian public holiday that occurs on every July 23rd to commemorate the 1952 revolution that resulted in the birth of the modern republic.
Its results were far-reaching, including the overthrow of the monarchy, freedom from British colonial rule, and the beginning of “modernisation” during the era of President Nasser.
The 1952 Revolution was a bloodless military coup led by the younger generation of army officers.
The immediate goal was to overthrow then-sitting King Faruq, but the end-result was an independent republic in Egypt and in Sudan, which had been combined with Egypt under British colonial rule.
The British had ruled Egypt since 1882.
Nasser ruled Egypt from 1956 till 1970.
He gained for Egypt control over the Suez Canal but lost to Israel in the Sinai during the Six-Day War.
Sadat became president in 1970.
Next came the rule of Mubarak from 1981 to 2011, when he was forced to resign in the wake of the “Arab Spring,” a new revolution by the Muslim Brotherhood.
In 2013, Muslim Brotherhood president Mohamed Morsi was overthrown in a new military coup.